Abstract: The study estimated trend equations for budgetary allocation on crop research program in Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research between 1992 E.C and 2008 E.C. Secondary data in the form of capital budget allocation records were obtained from Planning, monitoring and Evaluation directorate of Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research. Results from the fitted trend equations showed that the capital budget allocation to the research program were high and significant at 1 percent. Annual compound growth rate of expenditure on the sector was also high (12% in crop research program, 6% in cereal crops research sub program, 14% in POFCRSP, 28 in AMBCRSP and 21% in PPRSP). And insignificant growth rate were exhibited by the CSTCRSP, Furthermore, the fitted quadratic equations in time variable showed the significant acceleration in budget allocation growth on crop research program. the cuddy della instability index come with the result of moderate instability in CRP, CRCSP, POFCRSP and PPRSP, while a high degree of instability index in CSTCSP and a severe instability in AMBCRSP. Further during the study period 0.8 million birr were utilized per varietal development by the research program. The mean difference test depicted that, there is a significant budget allocation difference between PASDEP I and GTP I. The mean budget allocated during GTP I was less than the mean budget allocated during PASDEP I by 36.4 million birr.
Keywords: CSTCRSP, AMBCRSP, CRP, CRCSP, POFCRSP and PPRSP. Title: Trend Analysis in Budgetary Allocation to Crop Research Program: The Case of EIAR Author: Eyob Bezabeh ISSN 2349-7823 International Journal of Recent Research in Life Sciences (IJRRLS) Paper Publications
Trends, Growth and Instability of Teff Production in Ethiopia
Abstract: The present study is related to the trends, growth and instability of area, production and productivity of Teff in Ethiopia. The study is based on secondary data of Teff production, area and yield for the period of 2000/01 to 2014/15 using the compounded annual growth rate, cuddy Della Vally Index and Decomposition analysis. The study analyzed that, a positive annual percentage change was experienced in yield production and area over the study period. Analysis of annual compound growth rate in production showed a positive growth rate per annum that is greater than the growth rate in yield and area. The growth rate in area, production and yield was statistically significant at 1% significance level. Further, the study fitted the linear regression to test the dependency of production of Teff on its respective area. And the result showed that, the relationship between area and production was significant. And instability index of Teff during the study period are also low. The increase in production is due to increase in yield.
Keywords: Ethiopia, Instability and Decomposition analysis. Title: Trends, Growth and Instability of Teff Production in Ethiopia Author: Eyob Bezabeh ISSN 2349-7823 International Journal of Recent Research in Life Sciences (IJRRLS) Paper Publications
Pediatric Nurses’ Knowledge and Practices Regarding Nursing Management of Premature Babies in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum State, Sudan
Vol. 3, Issue 4, October 2016 – December 2016
Widad Ibrahim A/gadir A/moula, Ietimad Ibrahim Abd Elrahman kambal
Abstract: Prematurity used to be a major cause of infant deaths. The premature babies need improved medical and nursing techniques by highly competence nursing team.
Material and Methods: This descriptive hospital based study was conducted at Soba university hospital, Khartoum state in the period from January to March 2014. The study aimed at assessing the knowledge and practices of pediatric nurses in neonatal intensive care unit concerning nursing management of preterm babies. The sample size compromised of 50 nurses that constituted the total coverage of study population during the period of the study. Data were collected using structured interview questionnaire and observation check list designed f or the study. The data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). Results:The results obtained that the majority of nurses were knowledgeable about the characteristics of preterm babies, causes of prematurity, immediate nursing care of preterm, signs of hypothermia were adequate (100%, 92%, 100%,100% respectively). Half of them (50%) identify the breathing pattern of preterm baby. The nurses clinical performance were inadequate where 70% of them recorded pulse rate only when recorded the baby pulse.100% did not wear mask, 80% find a difficulty on selecting appropriate vein for sampling . Also 48% of nurses gave feeding incorrect and 60% of them did not aspirate gastric contents before feeding.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the majority of pediatric nurses had adequate knowledge about prematurity, but they were lacking in their clinical skills to manage the preterm baby. So the study recommended continuous training programs for the nurses to refresh their knowledge and practices towards management of preterm babies to ideal standards.
Keywords: Pediatric Nurses’ Knowledge, Practices Regarding Nursing Management, Premature Babies. Title: Pediatric Nurses’ Knowledge and Practices Regarding Nursing Management of Premature Babies in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum State, Sudan Author: Widad Ibrahim A/gadir A/moula, Ietimad Ibrahim Abd Elrahman kambal ISSN 2349-7823 International Journal of Recent Research in Life Sciences (IJRRLS) Paper Publications
Copyright 2017 Paper Publications All rights reserved.