Abstract: This is basically exploratory study and was conducted at Nilkhet, Dhaka city, Dhaka, Bangladesh over a period of two months started from October, 2010 to November, 2010. The main objective of this study is to know the effects of smoking in the public places and propose safe place for smoking. Total 30 respondents were selected based on age class (10 respondents below 30 years, 10 respondents between 30 to 40 years and rest 10 respondents were over 40 years of age). All respondents were interviewed with semi structure questionnaire. Smoking in the public places caused serious problems for second hand smokers including lung cancer, respiratory disorders, coronary heart diseases, bronchitis pneumonia. Lots of effects were mentioned by the respondents. Even it is not well accepted to smoke in the public places. 100% respondents were mentioned that Lung cancer and bronchitis may occur for the second hand smokers due to smoke in the public places. The ultimate results of smoking in the public places for second hand smokers may be Esophagus, coronary heart diseases, oral cavity, larynx and infertility. We may minimize the negative impacts of smoking in the public places or elsewhere but do nothing else. In our survey, 100% respondents were mentioned to make provision of separate room in the hospitals for safe smoking, while 93.33% respondents were mentioned to keep booth on the roadside. 90% respondents were agreed for separate room in the market for safe smoking. Corresponding figure, 83.33% respondents were agreed for separate room in the house and restaurants for safe smoking places instead of open public places.We need to undertake motivational program (using booklets, billboard, seminar/workshop, rally and class room lectures on effects of smoking in the public places) to stop smoking in the public places. There is an urgent need to construct and develop designated places( separate room at restaurants, universities, hospitals, home, cinema halls and special booth in the roadside and parks) the for safer smoking rather than smoking in the public places.
Keywords: Chain smoker; public places; second hand smoker; smoking. Title: Effects of smoking in the public places: a proposal for safe smoking places Author: MD. SHAFIQUL ISLAM International Journal of Recent Research in Life Sciences (IJRRLS) ISSN: 2349-7823 Paper Publications
Abstract:Biodiversity is one of the earth’s greatest treasures. Compared to plants and animals, microbes are least explored since they are mostly considered as pathogens and very little is known about their beneficial potentiality. Hence, there arises an urgent need to raise the public awareness about its economic value by taking effective measures in exploiting and conserving the microbial diversity. An attempt has been made to discuss about the strategy of microbial screening and its applications along with future innovative practices that has to be undertaken in order to conserve its diversity. Microbiologists have just begun to isolate and study microbial life for a better understanding of its role in ecology. Only <1% of microbes in the world have been explored. Proper strategy has to be followed to study the microbial diversity which includes habitat selection, microbial isolation methods, polyphasic taxonomy studies and its application in varied fields. Apart from ex situ and in situ conservation, several innovative initiatives such as new long-term infrastructure funding mechanisms to foster multidisciplinary involvement of microbial biodiversity research centers in collaboration with collections, education and training programmes on taxonomic studies in schools and colleges, creation of repository for cultivated collections and a reference library creation of integrated center for data management and analysis, ultimately leading to national microbial diversity management policy creation.
Keyword: application, innovative initiatives. polyphasic taxonomy, screening, strategy, management policy. Title:MICROBIAL BIODIVERSITY: INNOVATIVE STRATEGIC INITIATIVES Author:Mrinalini J Singh, Dr.Padmavathy.S International Journal of Recent Research in Life Sciences (IJRRLS) ISSN: 2349-7823 Paper Publications
A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW STUDY TO DETERMINE THE CAUSATIVE FACTORS AND THE REHABILITATIVE APPROACH FOR LATERAL ANKLE SPRAIN
Abstract:Ankle sprain is one of the most common musculoskeletal sports injury encountered. In sports injuries throughout the countries studied, the ankle was the second most common injured body site after the knee. The purpose of the review study is to study the pathophysiology, predisposing factors, and the current evidence regarding therapeutic modalities and exercises used in the treatment of ankle sprain. There is a high incidence rate of approximately 75% of lateral ankle sprain; it also possesses a high incidence rate of re-injury. Recent researches have proved that immobilization post ankle sprain facilitates ligament healing and enhances the rehabilitative protocol. In addition to that the other treatment protocols are to be implemented as an adjunct for instance graded joint mobilization, proprioceptive training and balance training. Altering current rehabilitative protocol to enhance the joint range of motion and to maintain the soft tissue integrity with stringent immobilization, and including graded joint mobilizations and balance training may be the first step to decreasing the incidence of short and long term ankle joint dysfunction.
Keyword:Ankle joint, Sprain, Ligament, Immobilization, Proprioceptive, Pathophysiology, Sports, Athletic, Degeneration. Title:A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW STUDY TO DETERMINE THE CAUSATIVE FACTORS AND THE REHABILITATIVE APPROACH FOR LATERAL ANKLE SPRAIN Author:SHASHANK GHAI, ISHAN GHAI International Journal of Recent Research in Life Sciences (IJRRLS) ISSN: 2349-7823 Paper Publications
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